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November 27, 2021
Dental Health

Tooth Pulp Exposed: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Dental treatment for pulp exposure.

If you have severe tooth decay that has left your inner tooth pulp exposed, your dentist may recommend a pulp cap or root canal treatment. Both of these methods eliminate diseased tooth pulp and seal off your tooth roots to protect and restore it. So, if you have severe pain due to cavities, go to this website to determine what procedure applies to you. In fact, the two treatments may also be applicable when you have a tooth infection or face dental trauma. Keep reading to learn more about the conditions that affect tooth pulp, including treating and preventing the issue from happening.


What is Tooth Pulp?

Your tooth pulp is the area of your tooth that is alive. In fact, the pulp houses the blood vessels and nerves of the tooth, similar to natural veins in the body. This jelly-like form also contains connective tissue and specialized cells.tooth pulp exposed

Additionally, your tooth pulp keeps your dentin layer healthy by giving it moisture and essential nutrients such as fibrinogen and albumin. The role of nerves in dental pulp is to protect your tooth by permitting you to sense damage or pressure to your tooth as well as temperature changes.

In any case, if your pulp becomes seriously harmed, it would be best to get checked by a medical specialist to prevent worsening the condition.


Signs and Symptoms of A Possible Tooth Pulp Concerns

Indications of tooth pulp problems can vary depending on the condition. However, common symptoms include:

  • pain
  • inflammation
  • sensitivity to sweet or acidic foods
  • increased sensitivity to hot and cold temperature

If you have an infected tooth, your tooth pulp will also be in a severe condition. Other symptoms you may experience include:

  • Pus or a dental abscess
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Bad breath
  • Swelling around your cheek
  • Fever

If you have these manifestations, visit your local clinic immediately. Early diagnosis is essential to get less invasive treatment and to restore the health of your tooth easier.


Tooth Pulp Exposed: Conditions That Can Affect It

Your tooth pulp is the hollow center of your tooth that contains two main parts, a pulp chamber and a root canal. The pulp chambers are the hollowed-out space in the crown of your tooth, while root canals are the section that reaches out down the root.

If one or both parts of the tooth pulp are exposed, you will encounter some issues. Common problems associated with pulp exposure include:



This inflammation occurs when bacteria bypass your enamel and dentin and get into your tooth pulp. In fact, pulpitis can be classified into two conditions:

Reversible pulpitis: Tooth decay is the standard form of reversible pulpitis. This form refers to inflammation that is gentle enough for your tooth pulp to be saved.

Irreversible pulpits: This refers to the inflammation that has advanced to the point that your dentist needs to remove the entire tooth structure.

Both types of pulpitis can cause pain, inflammation, and sensitivity. However, symptoms are more extreme with irreversible pulpitis.


Pulp Necrosis

This refers to the death of the pulp within your tooth. In fact, pulp necrosis usually happens due to chronic pulpitis.

Additionally, pulp necrosis can prompt dental abscesses. If left untreated, the infection can spread to other areas of your body and be life-threatening.

Sometimes, a root canal procedure might be the option to save a tooth with pulp necrosis. However, in some severe cases, getting surgery is the only option to address this condition.


Dental Pulp Calcification

This condition causes hard pieces of calcium, known as dental pulp stones, to structure in your pulp. As a matter of fact, pulp stones usually do not create any symptoms. Yet, they may cause issues during root canal therapy.


Two Types of Pulp Cap Treatment

Pulp cap treatment will depend on the severity of decay and the type of tooth. Many patients choose pulp capping over root canal treatment since it is less invasive and more affordable. However, a root canal might still be necessary even after the dentist completes the pulp cap procedure.


Direct Pulp Caps

Your dentist will perform direct pulp capping when the healthy pulp or pulp on the permanent teeth turns out to be totally exposed. In fact, AAPD suggests using a direct pulp cap only on a successful dental treatmentprimary tooth when exposure results from mechanical injury. However, suppose the exposure is due to decay removal. In that case, your dentist may perform indirect pulp capping or a pulpotomy, the partial removal of the pulp.


Indirect Pulp Caps

The dentist performs an indirect pulp capping procedure if the pulp tissue is near the surface but not totally an exposed pulp.

Generally, it incorporates two treatments, six to eight months apart. The dentist will eliminate most decayed tooth material in this procedure and cover the decayed dentin to promote remineralization. Usually, indirect pulp capping is necessary when there is no pain. Still, the decay progresses to dentin so deeply that pulling out the tooth will expose the pulp. In addition, this treatment is also applicable to almost all primary teeth and young permanent teeth.



Proper oral hygiene is an incredible way to lower your danger of conditions like pulpitis and pulp necrosis. This includes:

  • brush your teeth twice a day for at least 2 minutes each
  • use a soft-bristled brush
  • use a fluoride toothpaste
  • floss daily
  • drink a lot of water regularly
  • eat a healthy diet

In addition, use a mouthguard if you participate in contact sports or if you tend to grind your teeth when you sleep to avoid any injuries related to it. Lastly, make regular dental visits for checkups and dental cleanings. Seeing your dentist is the best approach to treating dental problems, preventing future complications, and keeping your smile healthy.



What to know about pulpitis.


Pulp Necrosis.


Dental Pulp Diseases: The Basics.


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