Portal vein thrombosis, also known as the hepatic portal vein, is the formation of a blood clot in the portal vein. The vein is responsible for the flow of blood to the liver from the intestines. Formation of PVT along the vein blocks the flow of blood since the vein is narrowed. However, a portal vein thrombosis treatment should help cure this condition. But before showing you how can vein treatment help, here are some symptoms to look out for when you have this condition.
• Abdominal swelling
• Upper abdominal pain
• Liver pain
• Bloody stool
Portal vein thrombosis treatment
The treatment of PVT focuses on preventing the growth of clot over time or dissolving it. Below are the treatment options for PVT:
This mode of treatment is ideal for acute thrombosis. A patient will be given prescription drugs to help dissolve or prevent the growth of the blood clot. Some prescribed drugs are
i. Antibiotic. – Prescribed to cure the source of PVT caused by infections
ii. Ocetrotide. – Prescribed to reduce the flow of blood to the liver and pressure to the abdomen
iii. Heparin.–This is an anticoagulant (blood thinner) drug, prescribed to prevent excess growth of clot.
iv. Beta-blockers – Prescribed for severe PVT cases that cause the bleeding of the esophagus.
Banding is used in severe PVT cases that cause bleeding of the variceal vein in the stomach or esophagus. The bleeding is stopped by inserting a rubber band through the mouth to the esophagus to tie the bleeding varicose vein.
A severe case of PVT may require surgery. Your surgeon may recommend a shunt surgery where a tube is placed between the hepatic vein and portal vein to reduce pressure in veins and prevent excess bleeding. In the most severe situation where the liver is damaged, a liver transplant will need to be performed.
Portal vein thrombosis is life threatening even though it’s treatable. If detected in the early stages, it can be treated using noninvasive procedures. If you experience symptoms that look similar to those of PVT, visit your doctor immediately.