About every second woman gets varicose veins on her legs during pregnancy- so-called varices. In women who have previously had varicose veins, they often get worse during pregnancy.
Causes of varicose veins in pregnancyIf people with congenital connective tissue weakness are more susceptible to varicose veins, their onset in pregnancy is favored by hormone changes that cause the muscle walls of the blood vessels to relax. Thus, the blood vessels continue and the blood can accumulate in the legs – visible from the outside as varicose veins.
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Symptoms of varicose veinsEspecially on the lower legs come jammed, plump veins that are not only ugly, but may also be accompanied by pain and the feeling of leaden heaviness. Varicose veins can also occur as hemorrhoids on the anus or on the labia (vulvar varices). In addition, varicose veins always carry the risk of phlebitis and thrombosis – they are therefore not just a cosmetic problem. If you also feel a hard line in the varicose vein area, you should go immediately to the doctor, because then it could be a thrombosis.
Therapy for varicose veins in pregnancyIf varicose veins have formed during pregnancy, they usually do not disappear completely after birth. That’s why you should immediately do something about it at the first sign. Well-fitting support stockings promote the return of venous blood to the heart and relieve the veins. It is best to put them on in the morning before getting up, so that the blood can not accumulate in the veins.
Try to put your feet up every now and then during the day. If you also pull your toes vigorously towards you, the muscle pump is activated correctly. Even cold envelopes or tinctures and gels from the pharmacy can create relief: The active ingredients horse chestnut and witch hazelshould strengthen the veins and improve the blood flow to the heart. A similar effect is also attributed to marigold (calendula) , vine leaves and juniper. If you store the product in the refrigerator, you will feel its beneficial effects immediately when applying.How do I get rid of varicose veins?Sometimes varicose veins disappear by themselves within three or four months after delivery. If the thick veins make you uncomfortable, you can also have them surgically removed. However, you should only decide for this procedure if you do not want to have any more children, as varicose veins get worse with every pregnancy.
Prevent varicose veinsVaricose veins can be well prevented or help to ensure that they do not get too bad:Cycling and walking support the muscle pump in the calves. Blood, which accumulates easily, is pumped more effectively towards the heart.Avoid sitting with your legs crossed. Not only is this better for the hip joints, it also prevents blood from accumulating in the veins. When sitting, make sure that your feet are stretched away from you and that you do not pull them under the chair – this is how the blood flows better.Put your legs up whenever possible.Wear only knee socks with a wide elastic edge, which can not constrict.Avoid shoes with heels. Only in comfortable, flat shoes can the muscle pump work effectively.Make sure your weight gain stays within limits. You can find tips on healthy nutrition here .Do not use warm baths (hot baths are taboo during pregnancy anyway) and shower your lower legs alternately cold and warm. The last cast should always be cold.